耶稣会教堂是因斯布鲁克最重要的宗教场所之一。它被献祭给天主圣三,且为大学的专 用教堂。教堂除了每日举行弥撒外,也会定时举办音乐会和艺术活动。
应皇帝斐迪南一世的邀请,耶稣会于 1561 年在因斯布鲁克建立了第一所会院 "Collegium",它同时也是德语国家出现的第一批耶稣会会院当中的一所。时至今日,学校 依然保留这一名称。基于拓展教学和灵修活动的目的,耶稣会随后开始计划建造一座大教堂。
耶稣会教堂今日之形态建于1627和1640年之间。由于三十年战争的缘故,教堂立面的 双塔无法完工,这一工程直到 1901 才得以完成。左塔悬挂着奥地利境内第四大的钟,重量 达 9200 公斤。
2003年和2004年教堂内部进行了彻底翻新。二战期间(1943年)被完全炸毁的祭台根 据历史资料和档案得以重新建造。
在翻新的过程中,工程人员精雕细琢,复原了教堂圆顶下方旧区前大理石地板上的前 巴洛克式星状装饰。这一装饰恰好完美地体现了蕴藏在教堂建筑中的神学思想。这颗星指向 所有通往天国的道路,同时也是尘世国度的象征。而教堂圆顶这一天国之象征恰好置于其上。 圣三一的标志被安置在圆顶的末端并传递着福音:"尘世与天国相连,生命和耶稣基督救 赎之牺牲同时流向三一之神的荣耀之中"。
此外,北边右方的小教堂尤其吸引亚洲游客。它被献给圣方济·沙勿略,耶稣会最重要 的传教士,他把福音传到了今天的印度,印度尼西亚和日本。他在 1552 年去往中国的途中 逝世,享年 46 岁,其去世的地点恰好在中国的国门口,即今天的广州。石膏天花板上有一 颗照耀着印度、中国、日本和马六甲的星,它象征沙勿略是"远东的光明使者"。
与之相对的左边小教堂则献给圣伊纳爵·罗耀拉,耶稣会的创立者,他被比喻为照耀着 西班牙、意大利、德国和法国的"西方之星"。
工程人员在整修的过程中还加建了一条地下墓室(建于 1636 年)的通道。所有因斯布 鲁克耶稣会士逝世后都会被安葬于此,比如卡尔·拉纳,20 世纪最重要的天主教神学家之一, 如同其他神学和哲学教授一样,他也曾在因斯布鲁克大学天主教神学系长期任教。此外教堂 的建立者,利奥波德五世大公爵以及他的妻子克劳迪娅·美蒂奇也葬于此。
耶稣会教堂一直以来都由耶稣会士管理且会定期举行天主教的宗教活动。此外耶稣会士 也在天主教神学系从事教学,同时给学生和成年人提供灵修辅导和开展青少年工作。

耶稣会教堂弥撒时间表: 星期六: 下午六点:英文弥撒(地下室) 星期天: 上午十一点:弥撒(面向大学讲道) 下午六点:弥撒 晚上九点半:弥撒
工作日: 上午七点半:弥撒 晚上七点:弥撒 周四(补充): 晚上八点半:祈祷(地下室) 晚上九点半:弥撒

耶稣会教堂弥撒时间表:

Jesuit Church Innsbruck

Church of the Most Holy Trinity
University Church
built from 1627 to 1646

A short explanation of the Jesuit Church
Robert Locher S.J., Translation: Sylvia Manning-Baumgartner

  1. Baroque altar of 1757 (reconstructed 2004 — altarpiece 1728)
    • St James (patron saint of the cathedral parish)
    • St Cassian (patron saint of the diocese of Brixen)
    • St Antony, abbot (patron saint of Religious)
  2. The 2004 altar of stone and metal
  3. The space under the dome (rotunda), the centre of the church
  4. Early baroque marble floor
  5. Painting of the Sacred Heart
  6. Shrine of St Pirminius, second patron saint of Innsbruck
  7. St Ignatius Loyola, "Star of the Occident" (1491—1556)
  8. Schützenglocke (bell), 9.2 MT
  9. St Peter Canisus, founder of the Innsbruck Jesuit College, preacher, author of several catechisms
  10. Image of Our Lady of Foja, "Mother of Mercy"
  11. St Francis Xavier, "Ligthbringer of the far East" (1506—1552) — Passage to the confessional
  12. Access to the crypt
  13. Expressive high baroque cross
  14. Sculpture of the Holy Trinity on the gable end of the façade — Towers built in 1901 — Façade modelled on the cathedral of Salzburg

A short history of the Jesuit Church in Innsbruck

In 1562, St Peter Canisius, as provincial of the upper German Jesuit province established the Jesuit College (as well as a high school) in Innsbruck at the request and with the support of Emperor Ferdinand I. — Between 1627 and 1646, in the midst of the Thirty Years' War, the current Church was erected, with the support of the sovereign of Tyrol, Archduke Leopold V, and his wife, Archduchess Claudia de' Medici, both of whom are buried in the crypt. The auxiliary Bishop of Brixen, Antonius Crusinus consecrated the church in 1646.

In 1773 the Jesuit order was suppressed; the Jesuit College and church became state property. In 1777 the church was declared "university church". The Jesuits returned to Innsbruck in 1838. The following year they were asked again to look after the university church. From then on, the tradition of "university sermons" was established. On December 15, 1943, in the first bomb raid on Innsbruck, the church was hit by a demolition bomb and severely damaged; it looked like a ruin. Much of the interior decoration was lost forever. — In 1945, after the end of the war, the church was renovated. On April 26, 1953 Bishop Paulus Rusch newly consecrated the church — and from then on it has been open for worship and liturgy. In 2003—04 a complete restoration of the interior of the church was done, the last remaining damages from the war eliminated.

The space under the dome (3)

is the centre of the church — and represents also the centre of theology during the baroque period. The four columns symbolise the four cardinal points — the earthly dimension. Above the columns the dome rises: an image of heaven. At the top spot of the dome the symbol of the Most Holy Trinity is shown, expressing the message: earth is connected with heaven — the salvific cross of Jesus Christ leads to the glory of the Trinitarian God.

The contrast between the reconstructed baroque altar (1) and the modern nave altar of stone and metal (2) expresses the task of a church: it should stand rooted in a long tradition and, at the same time, with both feet in the present.
The altar (5) is dedicated to St Jude Apostle who is invoked in all difficult cases. In 1767, in Rome, the Sacred Heart image was painted for the Innsbruck church replicating the original of Pompeo Girolamo Battoni. Even Andreas Hofer has knelt here. In 1809 Tyrol was dedicated to the Sacred Heart. Until today, the veneration of the Sacred Heart means: God has a heart for his people at all times.

In the front side chapel (6), the relics of St Pirminius (+ 753) are venerated; he was the founder of several monasteries and a missionary in the upper Rhine region during the Carolingian period. In 1575, during sectarian violence of the Reformation period the relics came from Hornbach in the Palatinate via Speyer to Innsbruck. Now they are contained in a modern shrine made by Rudolf Millonig. St Pirminius has been one of the patron saints of Innsbruck since 1611. He was invoked against the plague. As such he is also pictured at the altarpiece as well as on the back wall of the side chapel. Incidentally, for the first time, an accurate view of Innsbruck with the Nordkette, the alpine mountain chain, is shown there.

On the stucco ceiling of the chapel dedicated to St Ignatius (7), the founder of the Jesuits, he is called "Star of the Occident" radiating over Spain, Italy, Germany and France. Born 1491 in Loyola in the Basque country, Ignatius was in the service of the Spanish king until his injury in the war of Navarra (1512—1522). In a long personal journey he searched for his vocation and found the first companions to start what was to become the Society of Jesus, officially recognised by Pope Paul III in 1540. Ignatius was the first Superior General; he lived in Rome and died there in 1556.

Right nave
The altar of the Guardian Angels (9) with an altar piece by Johann Christoph Storrer is an expression of deep trust in the guidance of God: "For he will command his angels concerning you to guard you in all your ways." (Ps 91). In front of the altarpiece a picture of the great doctor of the Church, Peter Canisius, is displayed — painted in 1926. It was erected at the occasion of his canonization (1925). As founder of the Innsbruck Jesuit College, Peter Canisius is related in a special way to this Jesuit and university Church. Since the foundation of this diocese, he has been the patron saint of Innsbruck.

The altarpiece of the Marian altar (10) shows the scene of the Annunciation. In the richly decorated glass shrine on the altar there is a copy of the statue of "Our Lady of Foja". This statue was brought from Breda in Brabant to Innsbruck to keep it safe in 1639. Since then she is venerated as "Mother of mercy". The well-known hymn "Maria, breit den Mantel aus" (Mary, spread out your cloak) grew out of this veneration.

The chapel of St Francis Xavier (11) remembers the greatest Jesuit missionary (1506-1552). Like Ignatius he was born in the Basque country; they met at the university of Paris where Francis Xavier, after some initial resistance, joined the first companions. He died on the shore of an island facing China. Similar to the chapel of St Ignatius, the stucco ceiling shows a star between India, China, Japan and the Moluccas. St Francis Xavier is glorified as "Lightbringer of the far East".

Crypt (12)

The princes' vault is situated in the crypt (12), built in 1636 — now with a new access in front of the wrought-iron grill. Eleven princes are buried there, among them six from the House of Habsburg. The founders of the church, Archduke Leopold V (+ 1632) and his wife Claudia de' Medici (+ 1648) are buried here.

Until today the sections in the front of the crypt serve as burial place for the members of the Society of Jesus, among them well known Jesuit theologians like J. A. Jungmann, H. B. Meyer and Karl Rahner. Visitors to the crypt are cordially invited to pray for the deceased.
The cross in the main entrance (13)

shows that the glory of Easter (and of the baroque period) can only be found by following the crucified Jesus.

Sculpture of the holy Trinity (14)

on the gable end of the façade points out that the church is dedicated to the Most Holy Trinity.

Adresse

Karl-Rahner-Platz 2
A-6020 Innsbruck
Österreich
+43 512 5346-0
email

Terminvorschau

Freitag der 4. Woche der Fastenzeit
Fr., 31. 3. 2017
07.30 Uhr: Eucharistiefeier in der Krypta (mit P. Peter Fritzer SJ)
18.00 Uhr: Aussprache / Beichte …

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